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Although many slang words used in modern Japan are " loanwords " from American English, many native Japanese slang words remain in Japan's LGBT community such as the term "okoge", which serves the same purpose of the English slang word, " fag hag " — a "woman whose friends are mostly homosexual men". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The examples and perspective in this section deal primarily with the United Kingdom and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject.

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Retrieved 17 January Duke University Press, The Language of Kinks and Queens: Retrieved 4 April The Dictionary of Polari and Gay Slang. Retrieved 24 March Archived from the original on October 6, A Dic k tionary of Gay Slang.

Retrieved 24 February Lesbian , gay , bisexual , and transgender LGBT slang. Lesbian , gay , bisexual , and transgender LGBT topics. Gender identities Sexual identities Sexual diversities. Asexual Bisexual Heterosexual Homosexual. Gender and Sexual Diversity Erotic target location error Gender roles Human female sexuality Human male sexuality Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures Intersex Hermaphrodite.

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Social attitudes Prejudice Violence. Wanker Whale tail Whore. List of films that most frequently use the word "fuck". Human sexuality Sexology Sexual slur Terminology of homosexuality. Retrieved from " https: Articles with limited geographic scope from October United Kingdom-centric. Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 16 June , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. In England in the early 18th century, the term " buggery " had become a well-known signifier for "criminally unnatural" intercourse.

While "criminally unnatural" could refer to a number of things, in this context it almost always was in reference to anal penetration. It is based on frivolity and spectacle.

Just as the discourse of hooking up is often in conflict with itself, individuals often self-identify a variety of motivations for hooking up. That a substantial portion of individuals reported emotional and romantic motivations appears to be in apparent conflict with the sexual strategies framework discussed earlier, which predicts significant sex differences.

Indeed, some hookups turn into romantic relationships. Paik a found that individuals in relationships that start as hookups or FWBs report lower average relationship satisfaction. However, this varied as a function of whether the participants initially wanted a relationship.

If individuals were open to a serious committed relationship initially, relationship satisfaction was just as high as those who did not engage in initially uncommitted sexual activity prior to starting a relationship Paik, a. The entanglement of more intimate and emotional aspects with sex is something the romantic comedy movies mentioned earlier highlight. Again in seeming contrast to the sex-specific mating strategies, contemporary hookup behavior involves a high degree of female sexual assertiveness for sexual desire and pleasure.

Contrary to some media messages, individuals do not appear to be engaging in truly no-strings attached sex. Competing interests at multiple levels result in young adults having to negotiate multiple desires, and multiple social pressures.

Again, the most fruitful explanation is that both men and women have competing sexual and romantic interests, with tremendous individual differences in such desires. As such, the simultaneous motivations for sex and romance may appear different.

The origins of these pro-sex scripts have been theorized to be due to a subculture focused on male sexuality Mealey, Because same-sex relationships are naturally removed from the reproductive motive, it may be possible that part of the larger hookup culture is borrowed from sexual subcultures involving greater emphasis on the positive erotic. Most students reported not considering or realizing their own health risks during hookups, particularly those that occurred within their own community such as with someone else on their own college campus.

Compounding disease risks, individuals involved in hookups are more likely to have concurrent sexual partners Paik, b. In a sample of 1, college students, among the students who had engaged in oral sex, anal sex, or vaginal intercourse in their most recent hookup, only Although, in Paul et al. Health-based hookup research like this may lead to programs for correcting misperceptions of sexual risk and sexual norms to ultimately restore individual locus of control over sexual behavior, reproductive rights, and healthy personal decision-making.

In addition to sexual risk-taking, in terms of low condom use, another issue of concern involving hookups is the high comorbidity with substance use. Alcohol use has also been associated with type of hookup: In one study of men and women who had engaged in an uncommitted sexual encounter that included vaginal, anal, or oral sex, participants reported their intoxication levels: Alcohol may also serve as an excuse, purposely consumed as a strategy to protect the self from having to justify hookup behavior later Paul, This paints a picture very different from popular representations of alcohol and substance use in hookups, which are often handled with a detached air of humor.

A Journal Chronicle Books, is playfully described by the publisher: Although alcohol and drugs are likely a strong factor, it is still largely unclear what role individual differences play in shaping decisions to engage in hookups. Other factors may include media consumption, personality, and biological predispositions. Garcia, MacKillop, et al. This suggests that biological factors that contribute to motivating the different contexts of sexual behavior for both men and women may be fairly sexually monomorphic Garcia, Reiber, et al.

This may, in some cases, point to fairly stable individual differences. The discrepancy between behaviors and desires, particularly with respect to social—sexual relationships, has dramatic implications for physical and mental health.

Despite widespread allure, uncommitted sexual behavior has been shown to elicit a pluralistic ignorance response promoting individuals to engage in behaviors regardless of privately feeling uncomfortable with doing so Lambert et al. Misperception of sexual norms is one potential driver for people to behave in ways they do not personally endorse. In a replication and extension of Lambert et al.

Hookup scenarios may include feelings of pressure and performance anxiety. In Paul et al. Note that this study asked participants about typical hookups, and although this was informative for general patterns, it does not capture specific factors influencing specific individual scenarios.

However, this same study found that feelings differed during compared to after hookups: An individual history of hookup behavior has been associated with a variety of mental health factors. In a recent study of young adults followed across a university semester, those participants with more depressive symptoms and greater feelings of loneliness who engaged in penetrative sex hookups subsequently reported a reduction in both depressive symptoms and feelings of loneliness Owen et al.

At the same time, those participants who reported less depressive symptoms and fewer feelings of loneliness who engaged in penetrative sex hookups subsequently reported an increase in both depressive symptoms and feelings of loneliness Owen et al. In another study, among sexually experienced individuals, those who had the most regret after uncommitted sex also had more symptoms of depression than those who had no regret Welsh et al.

In the first study to investigate the issue of self-esteem and hookups, both men and women who had ever engaged in an uncommitted sexual encounter had lower overall self-esteem scores compared to those without uncommitted sexual experiences Paul et al. The potential causal direction of the relationship between self-esteem and uncommitted sex is yet unclear Paul et al. Hookups can result in guilt and negative feelings.

The percentage of women expressing guilt was more than twice that of men. This is consistent with a classic study by Clark and Hatfield , which demonstrated that men are much more likely than women to accept casual sex offers from attractive confederates. Conley replicated and extended this finding, demonstrating that, under certain conditions of perceived comfort, the gender differences in acceptance of casual sex is diminished.

Possibly contributing to findings on gender differences in thoughts of worry, in a sample of undergraduate students, more women than men leaned toward a relationship outcome following a hookup. It is possible that regret and negative consequences result from individuals attempting to negotiate multiple desires. It is likely that a substantial portion of emerging adults today are compelled to publicly engage in hookups while desiring both immediate sexual gratification and more stable romantic attachments.

Not all hookup encounters are necessarily wanted or consensual. In a sample of college students, participants noted that a majority of their unwanted sex occurred in the context of hookups: Even more worrisome, a proportion of hookups also involve nonconsensual sex.

In a study by Lewis et al. Unwanted and nonconsensual sexual encounters are more likely occurring alongside alcohol and substance use. A number of studies have included measures of regret with respect to hookups, and these studies have documented the negative feelings men and women may feel after hookups.

In a large web-based study of 1, undergraduate students, participants reported a variety of consequences: A vast majority of both sexes indicated having ever experienced regret. There were few sex differences in reasons for regret, and better quality sex reduced the degree of regret reported Fisher et al. It appears the method of asking participants whether and when they had experienced regret i.

On average, both men and women appear to have higher positive affect than negative affect following a hookup. Those with positive attitudes toward hookups and approval of sexual activity show the greatest positive affect Lewis et al. However, there are also negative consequences experienced by both sexes.

Two types of sexual encounters were particularly predictive of sexual regret: Among a sample of 1, individuals who had experienced a previous one-night stand, Campbell showed that most men and women have combinations of both positive and negative affective reactions following this event.

There are substantial individual differences in reactions to hookups not accounted for by gender alone. The gap between men and women is notable, and demonstrates an average sex difference in affective reactions. Yet, this finding also conflicts with a strict sexual strategies model because more than half of women were glad they engaged in a hookup and they were not in the context of commandeering extrapartner genes for offspring.

With respect to scripts, although presumably being sexually agentic e. Although the direction of the sex differences is in agreement with the evolutionary model, that nearly a quarter of women report primarily positive reactions is inconsistent with a truly sex-specific short-term mating psychology and with discourse messages of uncommitted sex being simply pleasurable. Also inconsistent with both of these theoretical models is that a quarter of men experience negative reactions.

Taken alone, neither a biological nor social model is sufficient to explain these individual differences. Some research has considered the interactions of sex and individual differences in predicting hookup behavior.

In this regard, there are sex differences in cognitive processes, but one cannot necessarily presume that the sexes vary fundamentally in their behavioral potentials; rather, they vary in their decision-making, consistent with other evolutionary models. It is still unclear the degree to which hookups may result in positive reactions, and whether young men and young women are sexually satisfied in these encounters.

Fine has argued that sex negativity is even more pronounced for women and the possibility of desire seems to be missing from the sexual education of young women. Armstrong, England, and Fogarty addressed sexual satisfaction in a large study of online survey responses from 12, undergraduates from 17 different colleges. In this study, men reported receiving oral sex both in hookups and in relationships much more than women. In both contexts, men also reached orgasm more often than women.

A challenge to the contemporary sexual double standard would mean defending the position that young women and men are equally entitled to sexual activity, sexual pleasure, and sexual respect in hookups as well as relationships. To achieve this, the attitudes and practices of both men and women need to be confronted. Men should be challenged to treat even first hookup partners as generously as the women they hook up with treat them. Taken together, this points to a need for further and more diverse attention to the impact of hookups on the physical and mental health of individuals, as recommended by Heldman and Wade Further, more attention is needed on potential positive aspects of hooking up, such as promoting sexual satisfaction and mutual comfort and enjoyment see Armstrong et al.

Hookups are part of a popular cultural shift that has infiltrated the lives of emerging adults throughout the Westernized world. The past decade has witnessed an explosion in interest in the topic of hookups, both scientifically and in the popular media. Research on hookups is not seated within a singular disciplinary sphere; it sits at the crossroads of theoretical and empirical ideas drawn from a diverse range of fields, including psychology, anthropology, sociology, biology, medicine, and public health.

The growth of our understanding of the hookup phenomenon is likely predicated on our ability to integrate these theoretical and empirical ideas into a unified whole that is capable of explaining the tremendous variety in human sexual expression. Both evolutionary and social forces are likely facilitating hookup behavior, and together may help explain the rates of hookups, motivations for hooking up, perceptions of hookup culture, and the conflicting presence and lack of sex differences observed in various studies.

Several scholars have suggested that shifting life-history patterns may be influential in shaping hookup patterns. Together, the research reviewed here can help us better understand the nature of uncommitted sex today. It is worth noting, however, that several shortcomings in our knowledge continue to impede the understanding of hookup behavior. Much of the research asking participants about previous hookup relationships may therefore be biased due to recall. The literature reviewed here primarily focuses on heterosexual hookups among emerging adults, with some researchers not controlling for sexual orientation some purposefully and others restricting to exclusively heterosexual samples.

Future hookup research should venture into the MSM literature to explore patterns of casual sex among these populations to understand other sexual subcultures where uncommitted sexual behavior is prevalent. Moreover, there exists little published literature on the hookup patterns among lesbians and women who have sex with women.

Understanding hookups during the critical stage of late adolescent development and young adulthood is paramount for protecting and promoting healthy sexuality and healthy decision-making among emerging adults. Of the varied experiences and health risks young men and young women will experience, perhaps none are as pervasive and widely experienced as engagement in and desire for romantic attachments and experiences with sexual activity.

This review suggests that uncommitted sex, now being explored from a variety of disciplinary and theoretical perspectives, is best understood from a biopsychosocial perspective that incorporates recent research trends in human biology, reproductive and mental health, and sexuality studies. Both popular scripts and predictions from evolutionary theory suggest that a reproductive motive may influence some sexual patterns, such as motivation and regret following uncommitted sex.

However, patterns of casual sex among gay men highlight inadequacies of the reproductive motive and suggest that further theorizing is necessary before a satisfactory evolutionarily informed theory can be established.

We thank Melanie Hill for valuable discussion and feedback on an earlier draft of this review. We also thank Maryanne Fisher and Catherine Salmon for helpful editorial feedback.

National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Author manuscript; available in PMC Jun 1. Garcia , Chris Reiber , Sean G. Massey , and Ann M. Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Justin R. See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Cultural Shifts in Dating Hookup culture has emerged from more general social shifts taking place during the last century.

Representation of Hookups in Popular Culture Contemporary popular culture is now ripe with examples that depict and often encourage sexual behavior, including premarital and uncommitted sex. Hookup Venues Among college students, hookups have been reported in a variety of college settings. Theoretical Frameworks for Hookup Research An interdisciplinary biopsychosocial model can synthesize traditionally disconnected theoretical perspectives and provide a more holistic understanding of hookup culture.

In their comparison of theoretical models, they found that attachment fertility theory posits that short-term mating and other forms of mating outside of pair-bonds are natural byproducts of a suite of attachment and care-giving mechanisms… selected for in human evolutionary history to ultimately enable men and women to seek, select, create, and maintain a pair-bond… pointing to an increasingly coherent picture of the underlying biological and chemical systems involved… that generally operate similarly for men and women.

Prevalence of Alcohol and Drugs In addition to sexual risk-taking, in terms of low condom use, another issue of concern involving hookups is the high comorbidity with substance use. Hookup Culture and Psychological Well-Being The discrepancy between behaviors and desires, particularly with respect to social—sexual relationships, has dramatic implications for physical and mental health.

Hookup Regret A number of studies have included measures of regret with respect to hookups, and these studies have documented the negative feelings men and women may feel after hookups. Conclusion Hookups are part of a popular cultural shift that has infiltrated the lives of emerging adults throughout the Westernized world. Contributor Information Justin R. Alcohol and dating risk factors for sexual assault among college women. Psychology of Women Quarterly. The homosexualization of America: The Americanization of the homosexual.

Orgasm in college hookups and relationships. Families as they really are. A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. Journal of Sex Research. From front porch to back seat: Courtship in twentieth century America. Johns Hopkins University Press; Differential HIV risk in bathhouses and public cruising areas. American Journal of Public Health. Negotiating a friends with benefits relationship. Archives of Sexual Behavior. Cambridge University Press; Sex differences and similarities in initiation, selection, and dissolution.

Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. The shift from dating to hooking up in college: What scholars have missed. Sex, dating, and relationships on campus. New York University Press; Fraternities and collegiate rape culture: Why are some fraternities more dangerous places for women? To hook up or date: Historical origins and current status.

An evolutionary perspective on human mating. The morning after the night before: Affective reactions to one-night stands among mated and unmated women and men. Teenagers and sexual risk taking: The best of times and the worst of times. Journal of Adolescent Health. How media contribute to misperceptions of social norms about sex.

Clark RD, Hatfield E. Gender differences in receptivity to sexual offers. I have more fun with you than anybody. Potential reproductive rates and the operation of sexual selection. Quarterly Review of Biology. Perceived proposer personality characteristics and gender differences in acceptance of casual sex offers. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

How love conquered marriage. The homosexual in America. Crawford M, Popp D. A review and methodological critique of two decades of research. The cost of mating. Columbia University Press; Hooking up and sexual risk taking among college students: A health belief model perspective. Kimmel MS, Aronson A, editors. The gendered society reader.

Oxford University Press; Hookups and sexual regret among college women. The Journal of Social Psychology. Prevalence and characteristics of sexual hookups among first-semester female college students. A short-term prospective study. Sexuality, schooling and adolescent females: The missing discourse of desire.

Trends in premarital sex in the United States, — The natural history of monogamy, adultery, and divorce. Serial monogamy and clandestine adultery: Evolution and consequences of the dual human reproductive strategy. Feelings of regret following uncommitted sexual encounters in Canadian university students. Risk factors and consequences of unwanted sex among university students: Hooking up, alcohol, and stress response.

Journal of Interpersonal Violence. Varieties of sexual experience: An anthropological perspective on human sexuality. The evolution of human mating: Trade-offs and strategic pluralism.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences. The evolutionary psychology of extra-pair sex: The role of fluctuating asymmetry. Evolution and Human Behavior. Unbuckling in the Bible Belt: Conservative sexual norms lower age at marriage. Associations between dopamine D4 receptor gene variation with both infidelity and sexual promiscuity. Touch me in the morning: Intimately affiliative gestures in uncommitted and romantic relationships.

Motivational underpinnings of romantic partner perceptions: Psychological and physiological evidence. Journal of Personal and Social Relationships. The Cambridge handbook of intelligence. Glenn N, Marquardt E. Hooking up, hanging out, and hoping for Mr Right: College women on dating and mating today.

Institute for American Values; Evolution and human paternal behavior. Harvard University Press; Evolution and human sexual behavior.

Manuscript submitted for publication. Lists and advice about first dates, hotties, scandals, pickups, threesomes, and booty calls. Dating and sexual relationship trajectories and adolescent functioning. Madonna as Postmodern Myth: Gute G, Eshbaugh EM.

Personality as a predictor of hooking up among college students. Journal of Community Health Nursing. Culture and context in HIV prevention interventions for gay and bisexual male adolescents. Cultural, social, and gender influences on casual sex: Nova Science; in press.

Hatfield E, Rapson RL. University Press of America; Heldman C, Wade L. Setting a new research agenda. Sexuality Research and Social Policy. Sexual behavior in the United States: Results from a national probability sample of men and women ages 14 — Journal of Sexual Medicine. British Film Institute; Gender differences in casual sex in AIDS prevention: A survey of dating bars. Exploring the occurrence of unwanted sex in the context of hook-ups.

Song as a medium for embedded reproductive messages. Sexual agreements among gay male couples. The influence of college student social networks on nonrelationship sex. A cross-cultural perspective on romantic love. Desiring sex, longing for love: Love and sex across cultures. Media Education Foundation; Positioning the booty-call relationship on the spectrum of relationships: Sexual but more emotional than one-night stands. An analysis of the sexual, alcohol and drug related behavioural patterns of students on spring break.

From sex to sexuality: Exposing the heterosexual script on primetime network television. Sexual behavior in the human male. Sexual behavior in the human female. Sex on TV 4. Kaiser Family Foundation; Pluralistic ignorance and hooking up. The social organization of sexuality:

.

Although the direction of the sex differences is in agreement with the evolutionary model, that nearly a quarter of women report primarily positive reactions is inconsistent with a truly sex-specific short-term mating psychology and with discourse messages of uncommitted sex being simply pleasurable. Also inconsistent with both of these theoretical models is that a quarter of men experience negative reactions. Taken alone, neither a biological nor social model is sufficient to explain these individual differences.

Some research has considered the interactions of sex and individual differences in predicting hookup behavior. In this regard, there are sex differences in cognitive processes, but one cannot necessarily presume that the sexes vary fundamentally in their behavioral potentials; rather, they vary in their decision-making, consistent with other evolutionary models. It is still unclear the degree to which hookups may result in positive reactions, and whether young men and young women are sexually satisfied in these encounters.

Fine has argued that sex negativity is even more pronounced for women and the possibility of desire seems to be missing from the sexual education of young women. Armstrong, England, and Fogarty addressed sexual satisfaction in a large study of online survey responses from 12, undergraduates from 17 different colleges. In this study, men reported receiving oral sex both in hookups and in relationships much more than women.

In both contexts, men also reached orgasm more often than women. A challenge to the contemporary sexual double standard would mean defending the position that young women and men are equally entitled to sexual activity, sexual pleasure, and sexual respect in hookups as well as relationships. To achieve this, the attitudes and practices of both men and women need to be confronted. Men should be challenged to treat even first hookup partners as generously as the women they hook up with treat them.

Taken together, this points to a need for further and more diverse attention to the impact of hookups on the physical and mental health of individuals, as recommended by Heldman and Wade Further, more attention is needed on potential positive aspects of hooking up, such as promoting sexual satisfaction and mutual comfort and enjoyment see Armstrong et al. Hookups are part of a popular cultural shift that has infiltrated the lives of emerging adults throughout the Westernized world.

The past decade has witnessed an explosion in interest in the topic of hookups, both scientifically and in the popular media. Research on hookups is not seated within a singular disciplinary sphere; it sits at the crossroads of theoretical and empirical ideas drawn from a diverse range of fields, including psychology, anthropology, sociology, biology, medicine, and public health.

The growth of our understanding of the hookup phenomenon is likely predicated on our ability to integrate these theoretical and empirical ideas into a unified whole that is capable of explaining the tremendous variety in human sexual expression. Both evolutionary and social forces are likely facilitating hookup behavior, and together may help explain the rates of hookups, motivations for hooking up, perceptions of hookup culture, and the conflicting presence and lack of sex differences observed in various studies.

Several scholars have suggested that shifting life-history patterns may be influential in shaping hookup patterns. Together, the research reviewed here can help us better understand the nature of uncommitted sex today.

It is worth noting, however, that several shortcomings in our knowledge continue to impede the understanding of hookup behavior. Much of the research asking participants about previous hookup relationships may therefore be biased due to recall.

The literature reviewed here primarily focuses on heterosexual hookups among emerging adults, with some researchers not controlling for sexual orientation some purposefully and others restricting to exclusively heterosexual samples. Future hookup research should venture into the MSM literature to explore patterns of casual sex among these populations to understand other sexual subcultures where uncommitted sexual behavior is prevalent.

Moreover, there exists little published literature on the hookup patterns among lesbians and women who have sex with women. Understanding hookups during the critical stage of late adolescent development and young adulthood is paramount for protecting and promoting healthy sexuality and healthy decision-making among emerging adults. Of the varied experiences and health risks young men and young women will experience, perhaps none are as pervasive and widely experienced as engagement in and desire for romantic attachments and experiences with sexual activity.

This review suggests that uncommitted sex, now being explored from a variety of disciplinary and theoretical perspectives, is best understood from a biopsychosocial perspective that incorporates recent research trends in human biology, reproductive and mental health, and sexuality studies. Both popular scripts and predictions from evolutionary theory suggest that a reproductive motive may influence some sexual patterns, such as motivation and regret following uncommitted sex.

However, patterns of casual sex among gay men highlight inadequacies of the reproductive motive and suggest that further theorizing is necessary before a satisfactory evolutionarily informed theory can be established. We thank Melanie Hill for valuable discussion and feedback on an earlier draft of this review. We also thank Maryanne Fisher and Catherine Salmon for helpful editorial feedback. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U.

Author manuscript; available in PMC Jun 1. Garcia , Chris Reiber , Sean G. Massey , and Ann M. Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Justin R.

See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Cultural Shifts in Dating Hookup culture has emerged from more general social shifts taking place during the last century. Representation of Hookups in Popular Culture Contemporary popular culture is now ripe with examples that depict and often encourage sexual behavior, including premarital and uncommitted sex.

Hookup Venues Among college students, hookups have been reported in a variety of college settings. Theoretical Frameworks for Hookup Research An interdisciplinary biopsychosocial model can synthesize traditionally disconnected theoretical perspectives and provide a more holistic understanding of hookup culture. In their comparison of theoretical models, they found that attachment fertility theory posits that short-term mating and other forms of mating outside of pair-bonds are natural byproducts of a suite of attachment and care-giving mechanisms… selected for in human evolutionary history to ultimately enable men and women to seek, select, create, and maintain a pair-bond… pointing to an increasingly coherent picture of the underlying biological and chemical systems involved… that generally operate similarly for men and women.

Prevalence of Alcohol and Drugs In addition to sexual risk-taking, in terms of low condom use, another issue of concern involving hookups is the high comorbidity with substance use. Hookup Culture and Psychological Well-Being The discrepancy between behaviors and desires, particularly with respect to social—sexual relationships, has dramatic implications for physical and mental health. Hookup Regret A number of studies have included measures of regret with respect to hookups, and these studies have documented the negative feelings men and women may feel after hookups.

Conclusion Hookups are part of a popular cultural shift that has infiltrated the lives of emerging adults throughout the Westernized world. Contributor Information Justin R. Alcohol and dating risk factors for sexual assault among college women. Psychology of Women Quarterly. The homosexualization of America: The Americanization of the homosexual.

Orgasm in college hookups and relationships. Families as they really are. A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. Journal of Sex Research. From front porch to back seat: Courtship in twentieth century America. Johns Hopkins University Press; Differential HIV risk in bathhouses and public cruising areas.

American Journal of Public Health. Negotiating a friends with benefits relationship. Archives of Sexual Behavior. Cambridge University Press; Sex differences and similarities in initiation, selection, and dissolution. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. The shift from dating to hooking up in college: What scholars have missed. Sex, dating, and relationships on campus. New York University Press; Fraternities and collegiate rape culture: Why are some fraternities more dangerous places for women?

To hook up or date: Historical origins and current status. An evolutionary perspective on human mating. The morning after the night before: Affective reactions to one-night stands among mated and unmated women and men. Teenagers and sexual risk taking: The best of times and the worst of times.

Journal of Adolescent Health. How media contribute to misperceptions of social norms about sex. Clark RD, Hatfield E. Gender differences in receptivity to sexual offers. I have more fun with you than anybody.

Potential reproductive rates and the operation of sexual selection. Quarterly Review of Biology. Perceived proposer personality characteristics and gender differences in acceptance of casual sex offers. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. How love conquered marriage. The homosexual in America. Crawford M, Popp D. A review and methodological critique of two decades of research.

The cost of mating. Columbia University Press; Hooking up and sexual risk taking among college students: A health belief model perspective. Kimmel MS, Aronson A, editors. The gendered society reader. Oxford University Press; Hookups and sexual regret among college women.

The Journal of Social Psychology. Prevalence and characteristics of sexual hookups among first-semester female college students. A short-term prospective study. Sexuality, schooling and adolescent females: The missing discourse of desire. Trends in premarital sex in the United States, — The natural history of monogamy, adultery, and divorce.

Serial monogamy and clandestine adultery: Evolution and consequences of the dual human reproductive strategy. Feelings of regret following uncommitted sexual encounters in Canadian university students. Risk factors and consequences of unwanted sex among university students: Hooking up, alcohol, and stress response. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. Varieties of sexual experience: An anthropological perspective on human sexuality.

The evolution of human mating: Trade-offs and strategic pluralism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. The evolutionary psychology of extra-pair sex: The role of fluctuating asymmetry. Evolution and Human Behavior. Unbuckling in the Bible Belt: Conservative sexual norms lower age at marriage. Associations between dopamine D4 receptor gene variation with both infidelity and sexual promiscuity. Touch me in the morning: Intimately affiliative gestures in uncommitted and romantic relationships.

Motivational underpinnings of romantic partner perceptions: Psychological and physiological evidence. Journal of Personal and Social Relationships. The Cambridge handbook of intelligence. Glenn N, Marquardt E. Hooking up, hanging out, and hoping for Mr Right: College women on dating and mating today.

Institute for American Values; Evolution and human paternal behavior. Harvard University Press; Evolution and human sexual behavior. Manuscript submitted for publication. Lists and advice about first dates, hotties, scandals, pickups, threesomes, and booty calls. Dating and sexual relationship trajectories and adolescent functioning. Madonna as Postmodern Myth: Gute G, Eshbaugh EM. Personality as a predictor of hooking up among college students. Journal of Community Health Nursing.

Culture and context in HIV prevention interventions for gay and bisexual male adolescents. Cultural, social, and gender influences on casual sex: Nova Science; in press. Hatfield E, Rapson RL. University Press of America; Heldman C, Wade L. Setting a new research agenda. Sexuality Research and Social Policy. Sexual behavior in the United States: Results from a national probability sample of men and women ages 14 — Journal of Sexual Medicine. British Film Institute; Gender differences in casual sex in AIDS prevention: A survey of dating bars.

Exploring the occurrence of unwanted sex in the context of hook-ups. Song as a medium for embedded reproductive messages. Sexual agreements among gay male couples. The influence of college student social networks on nonrelationship sex. A cross-cultural perspective on romantic love. Desiring sex, longing for love: Love and sex across cultures. Media Education Foundation; Positioning the booty-call relationship on the spectrum of relationships: Sexual but more emotional than one-night stands.

An analysis of the sexual, alcohol and drug related behavioural patterns of students on spring break. From sex to sexuality: Exposing the heterosexual script on primetime network television.

Sexual behavior in the human male. Sexual behavior in the human female. Sex on TV 4. Kaiser Family Foundation; Pluralistic ignorance and hooking up. The social organization of sexuality: Sexual practices in the United States. University of Chicago Press; Predictors of hooking up sexual behavior and emotional reactions among U.

Sex similarities and differences in preferences for short-term mates: What, whether, and why. Sex differences in sex drive, sociosexuality, and height across 53 nations: Risky situation or harmless fun? Princeton University Press; Journal of Adolescent Research. Sexual scripts and AIDS prevention: Variations in adherence to safer-sex guidelines by heterosexual adolescents.

Casual sex on spring break: Intentions and behaviors of Canadian students. Developmental and evolutionary strategies. Internet use and sexual health of young men who have sex with men: Self-perceived Mating Intelligence predicts sexual behavior in college students: Empirical validation of a theoretical construct. Imagination, Cognition and Personality. Gender differences in sexuality: Sexual regret in college students.

Short-term prospective study of hooking up among college students. Demographic and psychosocial correlates. Does the type of sexual involvement matter? The contexts of sexual involvement and concurrent sexual partnerships. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. Beer goggles, catching feelings, and the walk of shame: The myths and realities of the hookup experience.

The processes of constructing and managing difficult interaction. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates; Journal of Social and Personal Relationships. Are men and women really that different? American Journal of Health Education.

On Teenage dream [CD] Vol. Last Friday night T. A meta-analytic review of research on gender differences in sexuality, — Implications for how women label their experiences with rape. Reiber C, Garcia JR. Gender differences, evolution, and pluralistic ignorance.

Paramount Pictures; Riley C, editor. Edgy sex with soul. Rozler J, Lavinthal A. Simon Spotlight Entertainment; The evolutionary bases of consumption. Sociosexuality from Argentina to Zimbabwe: A nation study of sex, culture, and strategies of human mating.

Universal sex differences in the desire for sexual variety: Tests from 52 nations, 6 continents, and 13 islands. HIV and hepatitis B infection and risk behavior in young gay and bisexual men. Friends with Benefits [Motion picture] United States: Ten Speed Press; Hooking Up [Motion picture] United States: Morbid Mind Productions; Simon W, Gagnon JH. Sociosexuality and romantic partner choice. Binge drinking and casual sex on spring-break.

Annals of Tourism Research. Hooking up in young adulthood: A review of factors influencing the sexual behavior of college students. Journal of College Student Psychotherapy. Adolescents, sex, and the media: The evolution of human sexuality. Images of couples and families in Disney feature-length animated films. American Journal of Family Therapy.

In a different position: Conceptualizing female adolescent sexuality development within compulsory heterosexuality. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development. Sex without emotional involvement: An evolutionary interpretation of sex differences.

Sexual hookups among college students: Sex differences in emotional reactions. It's just become a matter of wham bam…now get out. The first was a mutually agreed relationship. Once a week, I would arrive at his house.

We would talk, sometimes eat and laugh. There was always kissing and plenty of foreplay. We would be intimate several times and spend the night together. In the morning, he would walk me to my car and wanted a call or text once I arrived at home safely. It was a very good arrangement. He didn't want anything more because he was coming out of a divorce. Our agreement ended when he decided that his needs weren't being met. In the second, the issue of dating never really came up.

We would make plans based on our various work schedules. Sometimes he would come over to my house and others I would go to his. Often when I was at his, he would fix me breakfast, we would watch television and we would spend the day in bed. It was a good level of friendship and intimacy all the way around. I admit that I did find myself wondering if we could become something more. He was getting over a bad divorce and getting back on his feet.

We didn't end badly; it just sort of petered out. In the third and final friends with benefits package, he was very clear up front that he could only be friends with benefits.

I wasn't concerned because I didn't see him as a long term for my future. However, I noticed that he was often abrupt, bossy, demanding and rude. He didn't show any of the friendliness that one expects with friends with benefits.

There was no intimacy or closeness. It appeared that he was only concerned about his needs. I knew that he was coming through a bad divorce; he walked in on his wife in their bed with another man. It resulted with him being arrested.

Casual meetups girls who love sex Sydney In the context of LGBT slang, it is a term for a more masculine, "tough guy" homosexual. Men should be challenged to treat even first hookup partners as generously as the women they hook up with treat them, "casual sex nsa urban". Alcohol may also serve as an excuse, purposely consumed as a strategy to protect the self from having to justify hookup behavior later Paul, Namely, hookup scenarios do not implicitly include a friendship relationship component as a condition. Developmental and evolutionary strategies. More generally, in a sample of sexually experienced men and women, participants indicated a variety of settings where they met someone with whom they had casual sex:

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